Lesson I-19: Selling Vegetables

1000 Chinese Foundation Characters

Book I, Lesson 19 (→ Index Introduction)

Hanzi Pinyin English
 《卖菜》  mài cài  Selling Vegetables
 一清早,  yīqīngzǎo  Early in the morning,
 有个乡下人,  yǒu gè xiāngxià rén  there is a particular country person,
 挑了一担菜,  tiāole yī dàn cài  who has carried a load of vegetables,
 在街上叫卖。  zài jiē shàng jiàomài  there on the street, to sell wares.
 好多人,  hǎoduō rén  Lots of people,
 都出来买。  dōu chūlái mǎi  all come out to buy.
 一会儿,  yī cáo er  Just a moment later,
  就把菜买完了。  jiù bǎ cài mǎi wán le  already the vegetables have been bought up completely.

Characters
Hanzi Pinyin English
 卖  mài  to sell
 清  qīng  clear
 早  zǎo  morning
 乡  xiāng  countryside
 挑  tiāo
tiǎo
to carry on a shoulder pole, to chose
to raise, to incite
 担  dān
dàn
to shoulder
picul (≅50), CL for loads carried on a shoulder pole
 街  jiē  street
 叫  jiào  to shout, to call
 就  jiù  right away
 把   bǎ
 to hold, (particle)
handle
 完  wán  to finish, complete

Compounds
Hanzi Pinyin English
 一早  yīzǎo  early in the morning
 清早  qīngzǎo  first thing in the morning
 一清早  yīqīngzǎo  early in the morning
 乡下  xiāngxia  countryside
 乡下人  xiāngxiàrén  country folk
 街上  jiēshang  on the street, in town
 叫卖  jiàomài  to peddle
 好多  hǎoduō  many, much better
 出来  chūlái
(chulai)
 to come out, to emerge
 完了  wánle   to be finished
一会  yī huì  a moment

Stroke Orders

Image made with Chinese Stroke Order Font – CNstrokeorder-0.0.4.5
2010-2016 © Reinaert Albrecht (Creative Commons License)

Chinese Character: 个 gè Individual, Generic Classifier

[Radical:丨gǔn Line (#2)] [Component: 人 rén Man, Person (#9)] [Compare:   yī One (#1)]



个 [個] / gè / individual, Generic Classifier, this, that, size

=  person
= one, 1 = 〡
+ 〡= 个 = individual

Chinese Grammar Wiki: ⇒ Measure wordMeasure word “ge”


这个 [這個] / zhège / this, this one
[個] / gèrén / individual, personal, oneself
[] / yīgèrén / alone Continue reading

Lesson I-18: Diligence

1000 Chinese Foundation Characters

Book I, Lesson 18 (→ Index Introduction)



Hanzi Pinyin English
《用功》  yònggōng Diligence
 姊妹三人,  zǐmèi sān rén  Three sisters
 从学堂里回家。  cóng xuétáng lǐhuí jiā  return home from college.
 一个看报,  Yīgè kàn bào,  One reads a newspaper,
 一个写信,  yīgè xiě xìn,  one writes a letter,
 一个念地理读本。  yīgè niàn dìlǐ dúběn.  one studies a geography textbook.
 十分用功,  Shífēn yònggōng,  Completely industrious,
 家人都欢喜。  jiārén dōu huānxǐ  the entire family is happy.

Characters
Hanzi Pinyin English
 用  yòng  to use
 功  gōng  accomplishment
 姊  zǐ  older sister
 妹  mèi  younger sister
 从  cóng
cōng
zòng
 from
 堂  táng  (main) hall
 报  bào   to announce
 信  xìn  letter
 念  niàn   to read, to study
 理  lǐ  texture, science
 本  běn   root, origin

Compounds
Hanzi Pinyin English
 用功  yònggōng  diligent
 姊姊  zǐzǐ  older sister
 妹妹  mèimei   younger sister
 姊妹  zǐmè  sisters
 学堂  xuétáng  college
 回家  huíjiā  to return home
 写信  xiěxìn  to write a letter
 地理  dìlǐ   geography
 读本  dúběn   reader, instructional book
 十分  shífēn   completely
 家人  jiārén   household, family
 欢喜  huānxǐ   happy

Stroke Orders

I-18

Image made with Chinese Stroke Order Font – CNstrokeorder-0.0.4.5
2010-2016 © Reinaert Albrecht (Creative Commons License)


 

Chinese Character: 从 cóng From

[人 rén Man, Person (#9)]



从 [從*] / cóng / from, to follow… ⇒ xiaoma.infomdbg.net  ⇒ en.wiktionaryChinese Grammar Wiki
从 [從] / cōng / lax, yielding, unhurried
从 [從] / zòng / second cousin

Chinese Character: 是 shì To Be

[Radical: 日 rì Sun (#72)] / [Radical: 曰 yuē Say (#73)]



是 / shì / to be, yes ⇒ Chinese Grammar Wiki

不是 / bùshì / is not, no
不是 / bùshi /fault, blame
是不是 / shì bù shì / is or isn’t, whether or not

Note: The “to be” in “to be or not to be” doesn’t actually usually get translated as “是“, as far as I can tell. (Talking about Chinese translations of Shakespeare doesn’t make me sound pretentious at all, right?)

Continue reading

Lesson I-17: Singing

1000 Chinese Foundation Characters

Book I, Lesson 17 (→ Index Introduction)

Hanzi Pinyin English
 《唱歌》  chànggē  Singing
 四个小学生,  sì gè xiǎo xuéshēng,  Four little pupils,
 站旳站,  zhànde zhàn  standing ones stand,
 坐旳坐,  zuòde zuò  sitting ones sit,
 在草地上
唱歌。
zài cǎodì shàng
chànggē
on the meadow
they sing a song.
 “春风和,/  chūnfēng huó  “Soft spring breeze, /
 春日。/  chūn rì nuǎn  warm spring sun. /
 精神爽快,/  jīngshén shuǎngkuài  Refreshing spirit, /

Characters
Hanzi Pinyin English
chàng to sing
 歌 song
 春 chūn spring
 风  fēng wind
 和
huó
(hè)
(huò)
(hú)
and, harmony
soft
nuǎn warm
 jīng essence, vitality
 shuǎng bright, clear, invigorating
 chōng full, to fulfill, substitute
 mǎn filled, satisfied

Compounds
Hanzi Pinyin English
 唱歌 chànggē to sing a song
 小学 xiǎoxué elementary school
 学生 xuésheng student
 小学生  xiǎoxuéshēng elementary school student
草地 cǎodì grass, meadow
 地上 dìshang on the ground
 春风 chūnfēng spring wind
 精神 jīngshen
jīngshén
vitality
spirit
 爽快 shuǎngkuai refreshed
 喜气 xǐqì cheerful atmosphere
 充满 chōngmǎn brimming with
 春风充满  chūnfēnghéqì  amiable as a spring breeze (idiom)

Stroke Orders

Image made with Chinese Stroke Order Font – CNstrokeorder-0.0.4.5
2010-2016 © Reinaert Albrecht (Creative Commons License)

Pinyin tone mark placement mnemonic


This seems like something you would pick up automatically over time, but somehow it’s not. At least on my part, I kept having problems with remembering it. There’s different ways of putting the rules, but what works best for me is:

  • The tone mark goes on the vowel that’s first in this sequence: a o e i u (ü)
  • Except for -iu, where it goes on the u

pinyin.info
⇒ youtube: the 6 Vowels for Chinese Pinyin (Chels Teaches Chinese)


Alternative mnemonic: All vowels in use

Chinese Character: 了 le Completed Action Particle / liǎo To Finish

[Radical: 亅jué Hook (#6)]



了 / le / (completed action particle), (emphasis particle)
了 / liǎo / bright(-eyed), clear-sighted, to finish, to understand
Chinese le grammar summary (Chinese Boost)uses of “le” (Chinese Grammar Wiki)了 (en.wiktionary)

Continue reading