Chinese Character: 爽 shuǎng Cheerful

[Characters Chart] [Radical: 爻 yáo Lines on a Trigram (#89)] [Component: 大 dà Big (#37)]



爽 / shuǎng / bright, open, cheerful, to deviate

凉爽 / liángshuǎng / cool and refreshing
爽朗 / shuǎnglǎng / clear and bright, candid
爽快 / shuǎngkuài / refreshed, straightforward Continue reading

Lesson I-22: Striking Iron

1000 Chinese Foundation Characters

Book I, Lesson 22 (→ Index Introduction)


Hanzi Pinyin English
 《打铁》  dǎtiě  Striking Iron
 两个铁工,  liǎng gè tiěgōng  Two ironworkers,
 站在对面打铁。  zhànzài duìmiàn dǎtiě.  standing opposite each other, strike the iron.
 这边打一下  Zhè biān dǎ yīxià  This one hits once
 那边打一下。  nà biān dǎ yīxià.  That one hits once
 火花乱放,  Huǒhuā luàn fàng,  Sparks all over the place,
 比树上的红花,  bǐ shù shàng de hóng huā,  compared to blossoms upon the tree,
 更加好看。  gèngjiā hǎokàn.  even more good-looking.

Characters
Hanzi Pinyin English
 铁  tiě  iron
 两  liǎng  two, both
 工  gōng  work, worker
 对  duì  correct, opposite
 这  zhè  this, these
 边  biān
bian
  side, edge, margin, simulataneously
(suffix)
 那  nà
(nā)
(nuó)
 that, those
 火  huǒ  fire, hot
 乱  luàn  in confusion, to mix up, random
 比  bǐ

(bǐ)
 to compare
to be near
 加  jiā    to add, plus

Compounds
Hanzi Pinyin English
 打铁  dǎtiě  to forge ironware
 铁工  Tiě gōng  iron worker
 对面  duìmiàn  face to face
 这边  zhèbiān  this side, here
 一下  yīxià  one time, once, for a bit
 那边  nàbian  over there
 火花  huǒhuā  spark
 更加 gèngjiā   more (than), even more
 好看  hǎokàn    good-looking
树上开花 shù shàng kāi huā   to deck the tree with blossoms (idiom)

Stroke Orders
I-22
I-22

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2010-2016 © Reinaert Albrecht (Creative Commons License)


Chinese Character: 众 zhòng Crowd

[Characters Chart] [Radical: 人 rén Man, Person (#9)]



众 [眾] / zhòng / many, crowd, abbreviation for…
…众议院 [眾議] / Zhòngyìyuàn / House of Representatives
[眾] / zhòngrén / everyone
民众 [眾] / mínzhòng / populace, the people
众 [眾]  / dàzhòng / the masses, popular, abbreviation for…
众汽 [] / Dàzhòng qìchē / Volkswagen


Continue reading

Lesson I-21: Letting Out Cattle

1000 Chinese Foundation Characters

Book I, Lesson 21 (→ Index Introduction)


Hanzi Pinyin English
 《放牛》  fàng niú  Letting Out Cattle
 清明后,  qīngmíng hòu  After the Pure Brightness Festival
 野外天气和暖。  yěwài tiānqì hénuǎn  in the countryside the weather is soft and warm.
 孩子们出去放牛;  háizimen chūqù fàng niú  Children go forth to let out the cattle;
 有些在树林,  yǒuxiē zài shùlín  some in the woods,
 有些草地。  yǒuxiē cǎodì  some on the meadow.
 坐着唱歌,  Zuòzhe chànggē  Sitting and singing,
 实在高兴。  shízài gāoxìng  truly happy

Characters
Hanzi Pinyin English
 放  fàng   to release, to let out
 明 míng  bright, to understand, public, Ming dynasty
 野  yě  field , open space, limit, boundary
 外 wài   outside / in addition / foreign / external
 子
zi
 son / child
(noun suffix)
 们  men  (plural marker)
 些  xiē  few, several
 林 lín  woods
 实  shí  real, definitely
 高  gāo  tall
 兴 xīng
xìng
 to rise, to flourish, to start, to encourage
interest, excitement

Compounds
Hanzi Pinyin English
 清明  qīngmíng  clear and bright, sober and calm, Pure Brightness Festival
 野外  yěwài  countryside
 天气  tiānqì  weather
 和暖  hénuǎn  soft and warm
 孩子  háizi  child
 孩子们  háizimen  children
 出去  chūqù  to go out
 有些  yǒuxiē  some, somewhat
 树林  shùlín  woods, grove
 草地  cǎodì  lawn, meadow
 唱歌  chànggē  to sing a song
 实在  shízài  really, true, honest
 高兴  gāoxìng  happy, glad

Stroke Orders

I-21

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2010-2016 © Reinaert Albrecht (Creative Commons License)


Lesson I-20: Carrying Rice

1000 Chinese Foundation Characters

Book I, Lesson 20 (→ Index Introduction)

Hanzi Pinyin English
 《挑米》  tiāo mǐ  Carrying Rice
 有一农家,  yǒu yī nóngjiā  there is a peasant family,
 秋天收成很好,  qiūtiān shōuchéng hěn hǎo,  the autum harvest is very good,
 一家大小,  yījiā dàxiǎo,  the entire family, big and small,
 都挑米出卖。  dōu tiāo mǐ chūmài.  all carry rice to offer for sale.
 从家中到客船,  Cóng jiā zhōng dào kèchuán,  From at home to a passenger ship,
 路上互相交换,  lùshàng hùxiāng jiāohuàn,  on the journey they take turns,
 又忙又快沽。  yòu máng yòu kuài gū.  they are busy and sell quickly too.

Characters
Hanzi Pinyin English
 米  mǐ  rice
 秋  qiū   autumn
 收  shōu  to collect, to put away
 成  chéng  to complete, to accomplish
 客  kè  customer, guest
 互  hù  mutual
 相

 

xiāng
xiàng
 one another, mutually
appearance, portrait, picture
 交  jiāo  to hand over
 换  huàn  to exchange, to switch
 忙  máng  busy

Compounds
Hanzi Pinyin English
 农家  nóngjiā  peasant family
 秋天  qiūtiān  autumn
 收成  shōuchéng  harvest
 一家  yījiā  the whole family
 大小  dàxiǎo  large and small, magnitude
 出卖  chūmài  to offer for sale
 家中  jiāzhōng  one’s family
 客船  kèchuán  passenger ship
 路上  lùshang  on the road
 互相  hùxiāng  each other, mutual
 交换  jiāohuàn  to exchange, to swap
又…又…  yòu…yòu…  both… and…

Stroke Orders

I-19

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2010-2016 © Reinaert Albrecht (Creative Commons License)